April 2021

On 31 December 2020, Meerabehn* suffered a miscarriage when she was mercilessly beaten and kicked by a violent mob while they attacked a Christian gathering in Barwani, Madhya Pradesh.

The mob consisting of over 50 people attacked 12 Christians including Meeabehn who had gathered for prayer in a private residence . The Christians, most of them women, were violently beaten by the mob. The attackers misbehaved with them, tore off their clothing and molested them. Meerabehn lost consciousness when she was kicked to the ground and fell down. Later, on the way to the hospital, she delivered a still born baby.

The victims  reported the incident to the police and demanded the arrest of the culprits. But the police refused to register a complaint and even denied that any violence had taken place. Thereafter, persons from the mob had the audacity to accuse the victims  of carrying out religious conversions by force. 

Partners on the ground  helped the victims get much needed medical attention and ADF India allied lawyers assisted them in filing a complaint against the perpetrators in the court.

Meerabehn and her husband

The still born baby

In another incident that took place on 26 January 2021, a prayer service was disrupted in Indore, Madhya Pradesh by a large mob of around 150 anti-social elements. . They barged into the hall, where about 50 Christians were gathered, carrying sticks and batons and attacked them. The attackers then filed a complaint against the victims  under the state’s new anti-conversion law, falsely alleging that they had conducted forceful conversions. The police detained five men and four women, one of whom was pregnant. ADF India allied lawyers were able to secure bail for all  four women and one of the men on 3 March and after subsequent hearings, the Court granted bail for the remaining four men on 6 April. 

ADF India allied lawyers in Indore after the bail was granted

Madhya Pradesh has seen a steep rise in the number of violent incidents against minority communities  after the enactment of the new anti-conversion law. Compared to 19 incidents of anti-Christian violence recorded in 2020, the state has already witnessed 11 incidents in the first three months of 2021. 

The anti-conversion law with its vague, overbroad, and disproportionately punitive sections are used as a tool to harass  minorities and to justify assaults on them.  Shankar*, a Christian leader in Madhya Pradesh, reports, “When two or three people come together to pray or even just to celebrate someone’s birthday, religious extremists use that as an opportunity to make allegations of conversions by force, fraud or inducement. Many Christian gatherings have been attacked, whether it be on a weekday or a Sunday, and church property vandalized, by those opposed to Christian worship.”

“No one should be targeted because of their faith. The Indian Constitution protects freedom of religion or belief to all persons,” says Tehmina Arora, Director of ADF India. While the new law is in place, the harassment of religious minorities is sadly expected to escalate further. ADF India allied lawyers have filed a petition in the Madhya Pradesh High Court challenging the constitutional validity of the controversial law.

ADF India is an alliance building legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people. ADF India, through a collaborative network of allies and partners engages in legal support, advocacy, training, research, and documentation. 

To avail this service, visit www.adfindia.org/legal-aid.

Watch our YouTube video with an overview on Freedom of Religion Acts or “Anti-conversion” laws —provisions and penalties.

*Names changed to protect the privacy of individuals