The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 is a comprehensive law relating to the admissibility, reliability and applicability of evidence and is part of the procedural law in India. With the passing of time and the consequent technological developments, the Act was amended several times. One of the most significant amendments was introduced in October 2000 vide section 92 of Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act, 2000) read with the Second Schedule of the IT Act, 2000.
Section 92 of the IT Act, 2000 filled the void of relying on electronic records as evidence in criminal procedure. This is commonly known as the law on “e-evidence”. Even though the law on e-evidence is relatively recent and still being explored, it is beneficial to have a uniform system that deals with the nature, scope and extent of e-evidence, considering the prevalence of technology in all aspects of life, from communication to commerce.
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